GEOMETRY OF DIMENSIONS
FINE TUNING THE CASE FOR E.T.I.
MONOLOGUE WRITTEN BY CLYDE LEWIS
It is hard to believe that over two decades ago, whenever the subject of extraterrestrial life was brought up, scientists and even those who fancied themselves as conspiracy theorists always had this “wait and see” attitude. Whenever UFO reports were given on the nightly news, you could always count on the local news commentator to use the worn out phrase “the truth is out there” to sound relevant.
Here we are in 2018 and I believe that it is time to say the truth is already here.
It has been a year since I had the opportunity to speak at Contact in the Desert, which is a worldwide gathering of UFO enthusiasts including some of the better known spokespeople and celebrities from shows like Ancient Aliens and other writers about the topic.
It was an opportunity to speak about how I felt that alien or ET disclosure was nothing more than a political move as those who support the idea want the government to disclose all that they know about UFO’s and their extraterrestrial pilots.
I said to a small group of people that 2017 would be the year of confirmation. I even said on my show that while many will tell you that the truth is out there – I am the one who will tell you that the truth is already here.
Now, confidence is high that there is intelligent life in space and believing in extraterrestrials is no longer reserved for conspiracy theorists or people who are always maligned as having a tinfoil hat as a fashion accessory.
Nearly half of humanity believes aliens are out there, according to a recent study.
The European Space Agency signed off on a $668 million mission that will hunt for other life forms 932,000 miles into space. Two months ago The ESA announced that is launching an exoplanet study called project ARIEL. AREIL is an acronym for the Atmospheric Remote‐sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large‐survey mission.
This is part of their cosmic vision program which is part of a response to the confirmation of mysterious signals that keep emanating from faraway galaxies.
Last week, President Trump awarded the US Military Academy football team the Commander-in-Chief’s Trophy, in recognition of West Point’s victories against the other service academies, the President spoke to the service men and noted that the military is currently divided into five branches.
He then paused and said “We’re actually thinking of a sixth and that would be the Space Force” after ticking off the names of the Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force and Coast Guard.
He then asked “Does that make sense – the Space Force?” And then added “because we’re getting very big in space both militarily and for other reasons, and we are seriously thinking of the Space Force.”
While it is a given that plans for the militarization of space have been in the works since S.D.I. and Ronald Regan – President Trump vaguely mentions that we need a space force for “other reasons.”
I am sure we know what those other reasons are.
The speculation can sew seeds of hope, or it can be that when the time is right Governments will announce that there is Extraterrestrial intelligence and that perhaps the Space Force must be used as a garrison to protect our planet from any hostile invaders.
There was also a news story out of Brazil where Fernando Henrique Cardoso, the former president of Brazil from 1995 to 2003, openly spoke on a national talk show about the reality of Extra terrestrials and his UFO experience.
It has always been a big alien secret – now it is being cleverly woven into the conversation as if it was a common certainty that it is now easy to talk about and that astronomers and government officials have no problem acknowledging the cosmic elephant in the universe.
Astronomers have seen the development of intelligent life as an inevitable occurrence given proper environmental conditions on a planet; and even though such beings would not be identical to humans, we should expect to find significant parallels. A striking contrast to this position is seen in the writings of scientists from other disciplines, who hold widely differing views—all in all though the conversation is leaning towards the reality that is being exposed –and soon there will be no doubt and the ardent skeptics will have to accommodate new attitudes and ideas in the new paradigm.
The other night we discussed what is known as the Geometry of Dimensions – something that serves as an acronym for the finding of a God or a grand architect or creator in the mix of all things extraterrestrial and terrestrial.
According to a NASA scientific research journal on Anthroplogy, Archeology and Interstellar Communication, in the summer of 1971, 20 scientists and engineers (all professors in various related disciplines at colleges and universities around the country) gathered for 10 days at Ames Research Labs to conduct “A Design Study of a System for Detecting Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life.”
The team put together a landmark report called Project Cyclops.
The report contained 15 conclusions on how to effectively search the cosmos and communicate with extraterrestrials.
The U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR sponsored a joint conference on CETI in Byurakan, Armenia, that same September. Some of the key U.S. delegates were Frank Drake, Carl Sagan, and Barney Oliver.
Drake of course was famous for the Drake Equation; Sagan assembled the first physical messages sent into space which of course are the Pioneer plaque and the Voyager Golden Record. Sagan used what he believed to be universal messages that could potentially be understood by any extraterrestrial intelligence that might find them.
Oliver headed up the Project Cyclops team.
The team was eventually given the Golden Fleece award which was a tongue-in-cheek award given to public officials in the United States for their squandering of public money.
This hurt the program –and this is probably why it is seldom discussed.
However it was a beginning for scientists to give credibility to ETI studies – and was the impetuous for the construction of radio telescopes all over the world listening for possible alien signals beaming from space.
In 2015, Stephen Hawking and Russian billionaire Yuri Milner announced a well-funded effort called the Breakthrough Initiatives which includes sending signals to potentially contact extraterrestrial intelligence. Hawking was at first afraid that TV and radio signals that we have been beaming into space would give the impression that earthlings are nothing but violent, vindictive, idiots.
They spearheaded METI (Messaging Extraterrestrial Intelligence) which was literally an active SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence ) which believed that it was better to send than to receive.
The International Academy of Astronautics has a long-standing SETI Permanent Study Group which addresses matters of SETI science, technology, and international policy. The SPSG meets in conjunction with the International Astronautical Congress held annually at different locations around the world, and sponsors two SETI Symposia at each IAC. In 2005, the IAA established the SETI: Post-Detection Science and Technology Taskgroup “to act as a Standing Committee to be available to be called on at any time to advise and consult on questions stemming from the discovery of a putative signal of extraterrestrial intelligent (ETI) origin.”
This should be enough information to send a message to the people of earth that there are a few scientists who continue undaunted the study and active communication attempts with extraterrestrial intelligence.
Now, there is also a little something that Stephen Hawking revealed before he died about Extraterrestrial intelligence and its relationship with a possible extra terrestrial God.
In his final paper on the multiverse hypothesis, Hawking who was a known atheist made a supernatural creator and extra terrestrial intelligence a more plausible idea In Hawking’s older version of the multiverse hypothesis, there is great variety among the laws in different universes. In some gravity is stronger, in some weaker, and so on. However, physicists have come to see problems with such a heterogenous multiverse, especially if the number of universes is infinite.
In his final paper, A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation? Hawking and his co-writer, Thomas Hertog, formulate strict limits to the kind of universes that populate the multiverse.
It seems to be saying that the multiverse has been fine tuned to be uniform according to the laws of physics meaning that there is a grand order to the multiverse.
The problem is that the less variety there is among the universes, the less capable the multiverse hypothesis is of explaining fine-tuning. If there is a huge amount of variation in the laws across the multiverse, it is not so surprising that one of the universes would happen to have fine-tuned laws. But if all of the universes have exactly the same laws – as in Hawking and Hertog’s proposal – the problem returns, as we now need an explanation of why the single set of laws that govern the entire multiverse is fine-tuned.
Hertog seems not to agree, arguing that the paper does make progress on fine-tuning as he states: “This paper takes one step towards explaining that mysterious fine-tuning. It reduces the multiverse down to a more manageable set of universes which all look alike.”
Hawking was exploring models of the multiverse based on inflationary cosmology, and his paper casts doubt on the potential of this kind of multiverse to explain fine-tuning.
But there is another source of scientific support for a multiverse theory: the “many worlds” interpretation of quantum mechanics. While physicists have been exploring inflationary explanations of fine-tuning, philosophers of physics have been exploring quantum mechanical explanations of fine-tuning.
If, in the earliest period of our universe, our laws were shaped by the right kind of probabilistic process, the many worlds theory could furnish us with enough variety of laws across the many worlds so as to make it likely that one would be fine-tuned.
We don’t yet have evidence that our laws were shaped by such a process. But if the alternative is the postulation of a supernatural creator, then this seems like the more plausible proposal.
Hawking and Hertog have slightly strengthened the alternative explanation in terms of proof that a God—a supernatural creator or extraterrestrial intelligence created the perfect conditions for life to be supported in the multiverse.
Stephen Hawking again did not believe is a supernatural God – but his last paper indicates that there has to be a being with the intelligence necessary to put together a chaotic universe and replicate it with basic laws in order to sustain life forms all over space.
Scientists have discovered a surprising fact about our universe in the past 40 years: against incredible odds, the numbers in basic physics are exactly as they need to be to accommodate the possibility of life.
Stephen Hawking’s final theory of the cosmos is that reality may be made up of multiple universes, but each one may not be so different to our own. It all sounds very mundane and I am sure that people would be more than happy to tell you that the multiverse should have biodiversity and it just might but the diversity of beings and extraterrestrial life would have all the basics and laws that we have, and with that it appears that the sky is no longer the limit – only now we can surmise that the aliens may be more like us than we would like to think.
Modern physics has more than one theory of how the universe came to be, but one of the most popular ideas is that the big bang was followed by repeated bursts of ‘cosmic inflation’ which created an endless number of ‘pocket universes’ that are now scattered throughout space.
Those pocket universes can have various solar systems with Goldilocks planets that can sustain life in conditions similar to ours because that is how the creator or various extra terrestrial custodians wanted it.
The theory may provide some comfort to physicists who wonder how, given all the hostile variations thought possible, we find ourselves in a universe well-suited to life.
Recently, a University of Oxford research team notes, past astrobiology efforts have largely taken Earth life and extrapolated through the application of chemistry, geology and physics to predict what our extraterrestrial counter parts might look like.
For example, eyes are widespread on our planet, so it makes sense that aliens would have them as well. We’re carbon-based life-forms, so we might expect life-forms on the other side of the galaxy to follow suit.
However, according to the Oxford researchers, who published a November 2017 study in the journal, International Journal of Astrobiology, natural selection is the firmest ground on which to base our predictions of alien life; natural selection being the directional force that led to life as we know it. In the absence of a designer, the authors stress, natural selection is necessary for the development of an organism, and we probably wouldn’t recognize it as an organism if it didn’t.
In an abstract called, Darwin’s Aliens we read:
“Here we show how evolutionary theory can be used to make predictions about aliens. We argue that aliens will undergo natural selection – something that should not be taken for granted but that rests on firm theoretical grounds. Given aliens undergo natural selection we can say something about their evolution. In particular, we can say something about how complexity will arise in space. Complexity has increased on the Earth as a result of a handful of events, known as the major transitions in individuality. Major transitions occur when groups of individuals come together to form a new higher level of the individual, such as when single-celled organisms evolved into multicellular organisms.
Both theory and empirical data suggest that extreme conditions are required for major transitions to occur. We suggest that major transitions are likely to be the route to complexity on other planets, and that we should expect them to have been favored by similarly restrictive conditions. Thus, we can make specific predictions about the biological makeup of complex aliens.”
So even though the idea of complexity of the life forms is considered there is still a chance that aliens indeed might be more like us than we think.
Cambridge paleobiologist, Simon Conway Morris believes that aliens might look a lot like us, due in part to convergent evolution — the aspect of natural selection that sees the independent evolution of key biological features, such as eyes and wings.
Birds and some insects for instance, independently evolved the ability to fly. An alien life-form, sprung from the same process of natural selection, might very well evolve the same adaptations to sense and navigate its environment. Its eyes might look very different from ours, but they’d achieve the same purpose.
This could also explain the similarities between the apes and humans or even some humans that have reptilian qualities.
In his 2005 Astronomy & Geophysics paper, “Aliens Like Us?,” Conway Morris states that a human-like intelligence might just be a cosmic inevitability, though the physical brain responsible for it might, via co-evolution, be rather inhuman.
This brings new meaning to the old biblical Genesis where we read “Let us go down and make man in our own image after our likeness.”
The idea of infinite space with the infinite glory of God originated with Nicholas of Cusa, a German philosopher who kept his infinite theology within the Catholic framework. In 2017, such philosophical thoughts have given way to practical science – three scientists in the field of exoplanet science have been named in Time magazine’s annual list of the 100 most influential people.
The core question would be, does God’s creation extend beyond a single planet? If so, would the inhabitants of those planets believe in the same gods as humans do?
You could make a very strong case for institutional religions surviving the discovery of alien planets and the ensuing tussle with exotheology – a term that describes theological issues as related to extraterrestrial intelligence. These institutions have always shown an amazing ability to remain relevant. Whenever they encounter a new paradigm shift, they come up with interpretations from scriptures that justify their own existence.
If you can overcome the idea that all that I am talking about, and the ideas of Stephen Hawking and others are some sort of cosmic blasphemy then perhaps these ideas could spur profound soul-searching for people of all religious faiths, many of the world’s religions might have an easier time accommodating the knowledge of the Creator’s penchant for the uniform and perfect multiverse and the fine tuning the case for extraterrestrial intelligence.